History and Heritage
During the 9th century, Viking settlers arrived in the Eden Valley and established the first homestead near Bongate in Appleby and at many other places along the river Eden and its tributaries. The towns river crossing was an important vantage point and the Normans built Appleby Castle as an defence above the town, which was taken over by the Clifford family in the 13th century and who remained in residence for the next 400 years.
For several centuries, Appleby was the county town of Westmorland, however with the creation of Cumbria in 1974, the name of the town was changed to preserve the name of the ancient county and as a reminder of the town's heritage
So Much to See and Do
1. Settle to Carlisle Line
This historic line is classed as one of the most scenic in Britain and is a popular spot with photographers, especially when a chartered steam train is travelling the line. To fully appreciate the scenery, take a ride along the line either north to the historic town of Carlisle or south and explore the market town of Settle.
2. Appleby Castle
This Norman Castle which is now in private ownership is often open to groups in the summer season.
3. The Northern Lake District
The beautiful lakes of Ullswater and Derwentwater and the majestic surrounding fells are only a short distance from Appleby.
4. Hadrian's Wall
Designated a World Heritage site in 1987, this iconic landmark is only an hour's drive away. You can walk or cycle along the National Trail, or just immerse yourself in discovering its history for the day by visiting one of the many sites or joining an archaeological dig!
5. Upper Tees Valley
Designated an ANOB in June 1988, it is where some of England’s rarest upland plants are found and is a botanist’s heaven. In spring and summer the fields are awash with wild flowers and there are many walks to suit all abilitiesincluding some to see the impressive waterfalls of High and Low Force. Visit Raby Castle, an impressive medieval castle and, situated nearby in Barnard Castle, is the exquisite Bowes Museum, home to a wonderful collection of fine and decorative art.
6. The Yorkshire Dales
The wonderful scenery of the Dales stretch to the east and south of Appleby. Deep valleys, known as dales abound, with roads meandering between drystone walls and a patchwork of hay meadows and field barns. Up above is heather moorland and distinctive hills, such as the much loved Three Peaks.
A Walkers’ Paradise
Appleby is an ideal base for walkers, surrounded by many famous walking routes including The Dales Highway, Lady Anne Clifford's Way, The Westmoreland Way and the Pennine Way. One of the Northern Pennines most famous walks is to High Cup Nick, a geological wonder. High Cup Nick is a classic U-shaped glaciated valley high on the western flanks of the North Pennines with a deep chasm on the Pennine fellside resembling a scar that could have been caused by a meteorite. This famous place is a dramatic geological formation and is part of the well-known Whin Sill. It is accessible from the picturesque village of Dufton or from Cow Green Reservoir in Upper Teesdale.
Appleby is situated on the Sea-to-Sea cycle route and many of the quiet lanes form part of the National Cycle Network. For the horse lover there are many bridleways and the River Eden is a fisherman's paradise renowned for its trout fishing. For those that love to swim Appleby, has an excellent leisure centre and for the golfer, there is an 18 hole golf course.
Appleby Horse Fair
The fair is one of the oldest horse fairs in Britain. It is held in early June, outside the town at a crossroads on the Roman Road near to Gallows Hill (named after the public hangings that were once carried out there.)
Most horse trading takes place on Long Marton Road, (known as the ‘flashing lane’) where horses are shown off (or ‘flashed’ ) by trotting up and down the lane, and also on ‘the sands’, which is near the town centre beside the river Eden, where horses are ridden into the river to be washed.
Besides the horses, there are fortune tellers, palm readers, music stalls, clothing stalls, tools, china, stainless steel, and of course horse-related merchandise including harness and carriages
Harness Racing - Held at Holme Farm, there are various fixtures throughout the season
Appleby Town Carnival - held every July it is a local event
Appleby Agricultural Show - 20th August 2016. This colourful local event is well worth attending. View magnificent livestock and marvel at the wonderful displays of flowers and vegetables.
The Moot Hall - the current building dates back to 1596 and Moot means meeting place. The Council and Mayor still meet in the Hall where they conduct the town's official business. There is a plaque commemorating Appleby's official charter of 1179.
Appleby is the Norse name for 'place with apple trees'